The county was formed in 1785 as part of Ninety Six District and Camden County; parts of Edgefield later went to form Aiken
Saluda (1895), Greenwood (1897), and McCormick.
The town of Winnsboro, which was settled around 1755, is the county seat.
It was settled
both by Scotch-Irish immigrants from northern colonies, and by English and French Huguenot cotton planters
from the low country.
In the colonial period this area was a center for the Regulator movement, which sought to bring
law and order to the backcountry.
During the Revolutionary War, Lord Cornwallis made his headquarters in Winnsboro from
October 1780 to January 1781.
Early Settlers: Mobley, Killpatrick, Maple, Walker, Hendrix, Austin, Woodward,
Williams, Sights, Gibson, Andrews, Thompson,
Brown, McKinstry, Alston, Marple, McCaulley, Durham, Davis, McMorris, Martin,
Bell , Minor Winn, James Robertson, Benjamin Cleveland, and others.
Wills and Estate Records Available to Members of South Carolina Pioneers
- Fairfield County Will Book A (abstracts)
Fairfield County Will Book 1: Transcripts (1787-1791)
Testators: Arledge, Moses; Beasley, Jacob; Belton, Sarah; Briggs, Frederick; Brown, Jacob; Carden, Larkin; Carledge, Isaac; Colfman, Charles; Dods, John; Fellows, Mathias; Graves, James; Hill, William; Hornsby, Leonard; Lewis, John; Lowe, Isaac; Marple, Thomas; McCreight, William; McMaster, Hugh; Miller, Alexander; Neal, Samuel; Owens, Thomas; Peay, George; Phillips, Robert; Robertson, Henry
; Rogers, John; Routledg, Thomas; Scott, George; Starns, Peter; Young, John
Fairfield County Will Book 2: Transcripts (1792-1795)
Testators: Aiken, Charles; Andrews, James; Andrews, John; Auston, Elizabeth; Bell, Thomas; Bennett, Sarah; Boney, Jacob; Brown, Robert; Burns, Dennis; Camron, Joseph; Cassity, Peter; Cockrel, Moses; Coleman, Robert; Colhoun, James; Colhoun, William; Collins, Moses; Cook, Esther; Cork, John; Dods, Joseph; Evans, David; Frazer, William; Funderburgh, Henry; Gamble, Hugh; Gamble, Samuel; Gibson, Jacob; Hardage, James; Hays, Mathew; Holles, Moses; Holmes, William; Hugeley, Henry; Johnson, James; Kirkland, Francis; Knighton, Moses; Lemley, Peter; Lewey, George; Littlejohn, Marcellas; Martin, George; McBride, Robert; McClurken, John; McColloch, John; McCreight, David; McDowell, Alexander; McFadden, Anne; McMullon, John; Mickle, Thomas; Neeley, Richard; Neely, Richard; Paul, James; Pettipool, Ephraim; Phillips, William; Porter, James; Robertson, Alexander; Robinson, Margaret ; Sanders, Nathan; Shaver, Philip; Waugh, Samuel; Whitted, William
Fairfield County Will Book 4: Transcripts (1800-1803)
Testators: Arskin, Peter; Austin, Elizabeth; Austin, James; Bell, George; Ewing, William; Henson, Bartlet; Husey, Isaac; Kincaid, James ; Lightner, John; Marple, Northrup; Miller, John; Mobley, Samuel; Morris, William; Paul, Arsbald; Richardson, Samuel; Robinson, James; Thompson, John; Walker, Henry; Woodward, Elizabeth; Woodward, Henry
Fairfield Will Book A (abstracts)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 1 (1787-1791)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 2 (1792-1795)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 4 (1800-1803)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 5 (1804-1805)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 6 (1806-1807)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 7 (1815-1816)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 8 (1822-1823)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 9 (1824-1829)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 10 (1828-1829)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 12 (1829-1830)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 11 (1836-1837)
Index to Fairfield County Will Book 13 (1831-1833)
Index to Fairfield County Probate Records, 1787 to 1868, Surnames A to Z
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