In 1791, the state legislature established Washington District, an area which is composed of present-day Greenville, Anderson, Pickens and Oconee counties. In 1798, Washington District was divided into Greenville and Pendleton Districts. Pendleton District was composed of what later became Anderson, Oconee, and Pickens. Due to the growing population and poor transportation facilities in the Pendleton District, in 1826, the legislature divided it into a lower part known as Anderson District and an upper part called Pickens District. This land which included all of the present day Oconee and Pickens Counties. Pickens District was named for the American Revolutionary was hero, General Andrew Pickens. Originally the own of Pickens was located in the center of the district on the western bank of the Keowee River. This location is now called Old Pickens. In 1868, the Pickens District was divided into Oconee and Pickens Counties and a town of Pickens (county seat) was begun.
Walnut Grove Plantation By Jeannette Holland Austin
This plantation was constructed upon a royal land grant in 1765 by Charles Moore. The walnut trees, which gave the plantation its name, were planted by his daughter, Margaret Katherine Moore in 1800. The complex contained a number of out buildings, including a 1777 kitchen, barn, smokehouse and well house. It also housed the first school to the area, known as the Rocky Spring Acaemy. Open to the public. 8 miles southeast of Spartanburg near the intersection of Routes I-26 and 221.
The Old Wagon Road from Pennsylvania
By Jeannette Holland Austin
Many of Scotch-Irish immigrants who settled in Pickens County came from York County, Pennsylvania and were caught up in the Revolutionary War. Job Smith volunteered as a private in the regiment of Captain Benjamin Few and Colonel Leonard Marbury. He was at the siege of Savannah before going to Powells Fort to serve under Captain Nathan Smith for the purpose of guarding frontiers against Indians. Then, was at the fall of Charleston under Captain John Johnston; at the siege of August and Ninety Six. In all, he served five years.