South Carolina Pioneers

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Why Certain Ancestors Cannot be Found

Tips by Jeannette Holland Austin

Chattooga County A review of newspapers should answer this question. The front page of old newspapers begin with foreign disasters, followed by fatal accidents, murders, drownings and other tragedies. When there was a ship wreck, since when did the names of its passengers get listed? Although ship masters kept a record of cargoes and passengers, that manifest did not always make it to its destination (the port of arrival). There was usually a suspect or a trial when a person was found murdered. Irrespective of the situation, newspapers do provide hope for the genealogist. But every page must be read because the news was spread throughout. Tragic deaths were near the front, but obituaries and memoriums were scattered throughout. And, an important element of the newspaper was local news. This was usually a small column detailing events, such as visitors from other areas, parties, weddings, etc. We may not locate everyone, but one narrows the scope of the research when newspapers are included.

A Prisoner Exchanged

musket balls Hampton Stroud of Chester County served under Captain George Wade and General Sumpter and fought at Sumpter's Battle in the Catawba. He was also at Stono's Ferry where he was severely wounded in the right hand near the wrist of the area, by the cut of a sword, and in the left shoulder, by a musket ball. That he afterwards served in Capt. John Land's company and in skirmish near the Rocky Mount in South Carolina, he was taken prisoner and put in Irons, on board of a prison ship, where he remained until the close of the War, when a general exchange of prisoners, Fort Jehu. That he served his country faithfully, in the most dangerous and perilous situations, and has suffered much from fatigue, hunger, and wounds and cruel treatment inflicted on him by the enemy. That he has never received the compensation due for his services, nor any pension either from the General, after Governments; and that he is now old and severely in need of the appurtance of his country. Source: Pension of Hampton Stroud.

Skirmishes with the Indians during the Revolutionary War

Old Town There was a British fort near St. Augutine, Florida. Levin Watson of Wilkes County, Georgia having enlisted in the war in 1777, served 8 months in the Company of Captain John Stewart of Colonel Elijah Clark's Regiment and was in a battle with the Indians. He afterwards served as a wagoner hauling grain to mill. On the first of February while serving under Colonel Clarke, he was in a skirmish with the British near the fort at St. Augustine. This occurred shortly before the Battle of Savannah and he was sent to the Battle of Blackstocks in South Carolina.

Online Images of Old Wills and Estates

17th century shoes
Yesterday Newsletter


Substitutes in the War

Georgetown Marina It was not always possible for every man to fight. Fathers sent sons, and planters sent friends and slaves in their place. Despite this, those who served were eligible to receive land grants for their service. In the instance of Israel Baxter he enlisted in the army in 1776 as a substitute for his father, Theophilus Baxter. His rank was that as a private drafted into the militia of South Carolina at Georgetown on the Pedee River. He served under Thomas Williamson and regiment commanded by Colonel Colb and marched Hadley's Point where he served one month before being discharged by Capt. Williamson. Shortly after his discharge he returned to Cheraw Hill, S.C. and enlisted in a volunteer company at that place as a private commanded by Capt. Wm. Dewitt, in the regiment commanded by Col. Calb, General Moultrie; from which place he marched to Parisburg on the Savannah River, then ordered to Charleston, S.C. He fought the British at the Battle between the Americans at Coosa Hatchie Bridge. Colonel Lawrence then commanding where he was engaged 6 months. After discharge he returned to Long Bluff and shortly after enlisted as a volunteer for duration of the war in a Horse Company under Capt. Alexander McIntosh, under Colonel Calb and under General Marion; was engaged in skirmishes against the tories, was taken prisoner by them twice. When he applied for a pension, he stated that he was in service of the U.S. in the Revolution as a substitute or volunteer for a term of 4 years and 6 months. more revolutionary war stories

Waccamaw River

The beautiful Waccamaw River flows across Horry County from its northern boundary of North Carolina to its southern boundary at Georgetown County. For miles and miles along the banks of the black water sprawling live oak trees thrive in an array of Spanish moss. Along these shores was the traffic of vessels carrying sacks of rice from the plantations to other ports. The Waccamaw is an integral link of the Intra-coastal Waterway which winds its way from Maine to Florida.

Waccamaw River

Map of Horry County, South Carolina

Horry County

Names of Families in Horry County Wills and Estates

Horry County Court House Horry County was incorporated in 1801 and was taken from the Pee Dee region of the State. It was named after Peter Horry, who was born in South Carolina ca 1743, Revolutionary War Hero who was elected captain, later elected to the Provincial Congress of South Carolina to serve the 1st and 2nd Regiments. In 1790, he was assigned to the South Carolina Militia under Brigadier General Francis "Swamp Fox" Marion. The county itself was completely surrounded by water, which forced the inhabitants to survive virtually without any assistance from the "outside world". This caused the county residents to become an extremely independent populace, and they named their county "The Independent Republic of Horry&uot;.

Horry County Probate Records Available to Members of South Carolina Pioneers

  • Horry County Administrator's Bond 1803-1818
  • Index to Horry County Wills
  • Index to Horry County Will Book A (1799-1818)
  • Index to Horry County Will Book B (1819-1821)
  • Index to Horry County Will Book C (1841-1857)
Horry County Wills (transcripts), 1799-1818

Testators: Robert Anderson, Joseph Atwater, William Bryan, Michael Clardy, Robert Daniels, Samuel Dawsey, James Elks, John Foley, Samuel Foxworth, B. W. Gause, John Grainger Sr., Samuel Grainger, Thomas Grainger, John Hardy, Robert Jordan, William Jordan Sr., Thomas King, Daniel Kirkland, Daniel Lewis, Rachel Lewis, William Lewis, William Henry Lewis, Thomas Livingston, Robert Lowremore, David McKelduff, Daniel McQueen, Peter Nicholson, William Norton, William Parker, Arthur Pinner, William Pips, Joel Pitman, Thomas Ready, John Rogers, Richard Singleton, William Snow, Josias Tillman, Charles Vereen, William Vereen, William Waller.

Images of Estates 1842 to 1873

Anderson, R. M.; Beal, Thomas Crowson; Bellem, William; Bepent, Josias; Booth, James; Conner, Edward; Crowson Estate; Crowson, William Jordan and Joel Thomas Crowson; Dorman, Benjamin Estate; Floyd, Frederick; Floyd, Lewis; Gerald, Richard; Graham, John; Graham, Joseph; Graham, Lucretia and James Smith transactions; Hurl, Francis; James, Willis; Jones, Enos; Jordan, Solomon; Ludlow, Isaac; Newton-Ferran transactions; Newton-Jenkins transactions; Royals, William; Smith, Jordan; Squires, William; Thompson, Amon

  • Horry County Administrator's Bonds 1803-1818
  • Index to Horry County Wills
  • Index to Horry County Will Book A (1799-1818)
  • Index to Horry County Will Book B (1819-1821)
  • Index to Horry County Will Book C (1841-1857)
  • Indexes to Deed and Estates Records
  • Deed Book 1842 to 1873
  • Estates 1842 to 1872
Map of Craven County, South Carolina