The Site of British Victories during Revolutionary WarThe Kershaw-Cornwallis house was originally the home of the founder of Camden, South Carolina, Joseph KKershaw who was a casualty of the Union occupation of Camden in 1865. The village of Camden, so well situated at the head of navigation on the Wateree River, developed as a trading community. Joseph Kershaw was a native of Yorkshire and was named in honor of Lord Camden. It was the setting of two important Revolutionary War battles. One, the Battle of Camden which occurred during August of 1780 when Lord Cornwallis assumed possession of the newly built mansion of Kershaw. His excoriating defeat of General Horatio Gates was his crowning moment. Also, a German nobleman, Major-General Baron Johann de Kalb was mortally wounded in that battle. The British were later victorious at the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill in April of 1781. General Nathaniel Greene had hoped to take the town but his forces were routed in a surprise attack by the enemy under Lord Francis Rawdon-Hastings. Later, George Washington visited Camden in a tour of the country during 1791.
The Humiliating Defeat of Major General Horatio GatesOn August 16, 1780, British forces under Lieutenant General Charles and Lord Cornwallis routed the American forces of Major General Horatio Gates about 10 miles north of Camden, South Carolina, strengthening the British hold on the Carolinas following the capture of Charleston. Gates had defeated the British at Saratoga, however, suffered a humiliating defeat at Camden, South Carolina which almost resulted in a court martial. he never held a field command again.
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Kershaw County Probate RecordsKershaw County was originally part of Camden District, and was formed in 1791 from Claremont, Lancaster, Fairfield and Richland Counties. It was named for Joseph Kershaw (1727-1791). The county seat is Camden. Camden was first settled in about 1732 by the English who'd settled first in Charleston. Camden was occupied by the Revolutionary War from June of 1780 to May of 1781. Battle of Camden, South Carolina during the Revolutionary War.
Kershaw County South Carolina Wills and Estate Records Available to Members of South Carolina Pioneers
- Map of Plantations in Lower Kershaw County
Indexes to probate Records
- Will Book A (1770-1826)
- Will Book N1 (1776-1833)
- Unrecorded Wills (1789-1816)
- Will Book A1 (1781-1820)
- Will Book C
- Will Book D (1803)
Transcripts of Kershaw County Will Book AI (1781 to 1820)Testators: James Archer, Ebenezer Bagwell, Humphrey Barnett, Samuel Boykin, William Clemmons, William Collins, Thomas Dixon, Charles Ghent, Joseph Kershaw, Daniel Kirkland, Derret Long, William Norris, Lemuel Perry, Sterling Pettaway, James Pickett, John Platt, John Williams, Drury Wyche and William Wyly.
Transcripts of Kershaw County Will Book D (1803): only 4 wills
Testators: Catharine Rhodes, Ann Roach, Anthony Seals and Dillard Spradley.
Transcripts of Kershaw County Unrecorded Deeds (1789-1816)
Testators: William Beckham, Nicholas Bishop, Elizabeth Bracey, George Brown, Jonathan Bunckley, N. Center, Lewis Collins, James Crawford, Henry Croft, Edward Davis, Richard Davis, Isaac Dubose, Mary Egleton, Barwell Evans, William Forgueson, Alexander Goodall, Benjamin Haile and William Luyten.
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