Glamorous 1918 AutomobilesTop to bottom: Anderson Six, Columbia Six, Haynes Car, National Speedster, Oldsmobile Touring Cars
The Real Story Behind the Boston Tea PartyThe American colonists, like their British counter-parts, took their tea drinking seriously, consuming great quantities. The East India Tea Company, a British enterprise, held a monopoly on the American Trade. Nevertheless, Dutch traders managed to capture much of the colonial market by offering lower prices. Yet, two factors kept the price of tea high. First, the colonists paid a middle-man fee to English merchants who re-exported tea to America. Secondly, when Parliament repealed the Townshend duties, they retained the import tax on the tea as a symbol of their right to legislate in the colonies. In 1773, when a mismanaged and floundering East India Tea Company came to Parliament, they hoped for legislation that would bail them out. The Tea Act of 1773 allowed the company to eliminate the English merchant middlemen and sell directly to the colonists. Even with the tea tax still in effect, English tea would be cheaper than its competitor. The British anticipated few complaints over the new arrangement. Instead, rumors spread that Parliament intended to drive out foreign teas and assure that the East India Company have a monopoly, thus allowing it to raise prices. In other words, the colonists believed that the Tea Act was an excuse to collect the tax on tea thereby establishing a precedent for new taxes on British goods. The new litmus test of colonial patriotism was whether one consumed the tea. The burden seemed to fall on women. In South Carolina, the Presbyterian minister, William Tennent III insisted that women could save the colonies "from the Dagger of Tyranny" if they gave up tea drinking. Tennant also traveled around trying to convince Loyalists to join the Patriot cause. In North Carolina, the women accepted the challenge when on October 25, 1774, after the Boston Tea Party of cargo dumping occurred, some fifty-one women gathered at the Edenton home of Elizabeth King and signed an agreement to boycott all British-made goods and products. This agreement set the boycott in motion in other American colonies. Source: Travel Journal And Album Of Collected Papers Of William Tennent III, 1740-1777.
Loyalists Women were Like a "Swarm of Locusts"Where there is a will, there is a way. During the Revolutionary War, women improvised when household materials ran out. For instance, women in rural South Carolina substituted thorns for pins. In other areas they made tea from herbs and flowers. And instead of using salt for the preservation of meet, a concoction of walnut ash was used. But times were tough for those at home. While the war raged on between the armies, in the back countries another war was being fought between Loyalists and Patriots as bands of loyalist marauders looted the countryside. Also, the British Army and its loyal followers was known as a cruel and unforgiving force of soldiers who committed atrocities everywhere they went. When Lord Cornwallis launched his Southern Campaign, black women followers trailed behind his army picking plantations clean. One British soldier marveled as these women picked a plantation or town clean, like "a swarm of locusts." As the soldiers trampled local towns and communities, the patriot women who refused to leave their homes sometimes hid in cellars, listening to the sounds of troops moving through the towns. Others hid their valuables and huddled in a bedroom or parlor clinging to their children, hoping that the troops would continue marching by. British soldiers committed atrocious acts. Hannah Ogden Caldwell, the wife of a patriot clergyman, was killed by a British soldier in her bedroom where she and her nine children were hiding when he fired his pistol. The shot tore open her chest and punctured her lung. There are many exciting and compelling stories told in the pension records by the soldiers who endured hardships and fought the fight for freedom! Source: Revolutionary Mothers by Carol Berkin (2005).
The British Captured by Sandbars on Sullivan's Island
The Battle of Sullivan's Island. During 1775, Robert Jordan enlisted for six months as a private in the company of Captain Francis Marion, 2nd South Carolina Continental Regiment. He was at the battle of Sullivan's Island near Charleston when the british entered the harbor. Actually, the british anticipated an easy win. However, when three or four vessels miscalculated the depth of shallow water and were bogged down in the sand, events took on a different course. Hence, the attempt to send landing parties onto the island failed. Overwhelmed, the British found themselves solely defeated. Yet excitement encompassed the hearts of the patriots and was a good beginning for the Southern Campaign. However, eventually the British seized the port of Charleston and made life miserable for its residents by establishing martial law and imprisoning captured patriots and putting them onboard a prison ship anchored on the Ashley River. After this win, Jordan went on to become Sgt. of the Horse (1781) and was later promoted to Quartermaster under General Marion when they attacked the British at Pee Dee Swamp. There are so many interesting accounts and thrilling stories contained in the pensions of soldiers that it behooves the genealogist to study all facets of it. South Carolina County Histories and Genealogy
St. Marks Episcopal Church, Pinewood, South Carolina
St. Mark's Parish was established in 1767 by an Act of the South Carolina Assembly. The church was built during the same year near Summerton, however, was burned by the British during the American Revolution. It was the parish church for several family planations, viz: Manning, Millford, Richardson and Bloomhill. At least six governors regularly attended servies here. The present church (above) was constructed in 1855, which makes it to fourth or fifth church erected by the parish at this location.
Names of Families in Sumter County Probate RecordsSumter County was taken from portions of Claremont, Salem and Clarendon Counties in 1800.
Sumter County Wills and Estates Available to Members of South Carolina Pioneers
Indexes to Probate RecordsIndex to Sumter County Will Book A (1774-1782)
Index to Sumter County Will Book A (1783-1815)
Index to Sumter County Will Book AA (1816-1822)
Index to Sumter County Will Book D-1 (1823-1836)
Index to Sumter County Will Book M (1836-1840)
Index to Sumter County Will Book D-2 (1837-1853)
Transcripts of Sumter County Wills, Book A, 1774-1782Testators: Anderson, David,Atkinson, James,Bradley, Samuel,Cambell, Alexander,Commander, Samuel,Conyers, James,Coppley, Elizabeth, Dearington, Thomas,Edwards, William,Furman, Wood,Howard, Joseph, McGirth, Mary, Neilson, Samuel,Witherspoon, David
Transcripts of Sumter County Wills 1783-1815Testators: Amonett, Charles; Anderson, John ; Armstrong, James ; Baggs, Thomas ; Barber, Agness ; Bell, William Rafor ; Benbow, Richard ; Bennet, Esther ; Birch, Michael ; Bracey, Sackfield ; Bradford, Nathaniel ; Bradley, Elizabeth ; Bradley, Rodger ; Bradley, Samuel ; Britton, Thomas ; Brock, Patrick ; Brumby, Thomas ; Burket, James ; Cannon, John ; Cantey, Charles ; Carter, Margaret ; Chisholm, John ; Christmus, John ; Clark, Ann ; Coker, Joshua ; Coker, Wiley ; Conyers, James ; Daniell, William ; Daniels, Elizabeth ; Davis, Benjamin ; Davis, Nabor ; Dearington, Thomas ; Dunn, Janet ; Dunn, Sylvester ; Durant, Henry ; Edwards, Elizabeth ; Faris, John ; Fitzpatrick, Micajah ; Fitzpatrick, Peter ; Ford, Mary ; Foxworth, Zachariah ; Francisco, John ; Garlington, Chris ; Gibson, Phineas ; Grant, William Jr. ; Guerry, Legrand ; Haley, Peter ; Hampton, Richard ; Harvin, Richard ; Helton, James ; High, Joseph ; Hodge, Benjamin ; Humphrey, William Jr. ; Ivor, Elizabeth ; Ivor, George ; Jackson, Thomas ; James, John ; James, Shearwood ; Johnson, Thomas Nightingale ; King, Robert ; Langstaff, John Matthew ; Lee, Anthony ; Lenoir, Isaac ; Lenud, Henry; Lowry, James ; Manning, Elizabeth ; Manning, Moses; Maples, Richard ; Maples, Rosana ; Marsden, Elizabeth ; Mathews, Isaac ; McCallum, Ken ; McCullugh, Mary; Mellett, Peter ; Montgomery, James Henry ; Montgomery, William Jr. ; Moody, William Jr. ; Moore, Isham ; Mullen, Edward ; Mullin, John ; Newman, Thomas ; Newman, William Jr. ; Nichols, Barsheba ; Pearson, William Jr. ; Perry, John ; Perry, Philip ; Pettypool, John ; Pollard, John ; Pyland, George ; Rafield, John ; Ragan, William Jr. ; Ragin, John ; Ramsey, James ; Rees, Huberd; Rees, Isham ; Rees, Mary ; Rees, William Jr. ; Rembert, Abigah ; Rembert, Hubert ; Rembert, James ; Richardson, John Peter ; Richardson, William Jr. ; Richburg, James ; Ridgill, Richard ; Robinson, Alexander ; Robinson, William Jr. ; Sabb, Thomas Jr. ; Sanders, William Jr. ; Savage, William Jr. ; Simpson, John ; Singletary, Hannah ; Singleton, Joseph ; Singleton, Robert ; Smart, Alexander ; Smears, Mason ; Sprey, Henry ; Stamper, Robert; Sylvester, Asbery ; Sylvester, Joseph ; Terry, William Jr. ; Tomlinson, Richard ; Vaughan, Henry Jr. ; Vaughn, Henry ; Vaughn, John ; Walter, John; Walter, Richard Charles ; Walter, William Drake ; Wheeler, Sarah ; White, Ellen ; White, Henry ; White, Jared ; White, John ; Wilder, Jesse ; Williams, Peter ; Windom, Solomon ; Witherspoon, John ; Woods, John ; Wright, William ; Wright, William Jr.
Transcripts of Sumter County Wills 1816-1822Testators: Bagnal, Isaac, Broadaway, Elizabeth, Bryson, Ann, Cater, George Sr., Colclough, Alexander, Davis, Elizabeth, Deschamps, Francis, Frierson, Aaron , Gamble, Catherine, Groomes, Isaac , Hampton, Noami, Hampton, Richard, Harvin, James , James, John , James, Matthias, James, Walter , Johnson, Mary , Kersey, Janet , Kingswood, Jacob, Kingswood, Margaret, Lenoir, John Sr. , Lenoir, Thomas J. , McCants, James , McCants, Samuel, McCoy, John , McDonald, Daniel, McEachern, James, McElveen, John , McFaddin, Eli , McKenney, Eli , McKnight, Robert, McLendon, Lewis , McMahan, Benjamin Lavender, Miller, Charles , Mitchell, Stephen, Montgomery, Samuel, Mullin, William L. , Murphey, Malachi , Murray, John , Nelson, Mary , Newman, Elizabeth, Perry, John , Pleyre, Thomas, Plowdon, Edward, Polk, Tabitha , Rembert, Edward, Rembert, Thomas , Rhame, Jeremiah , Richardson, Richard, Richbourgh, Claudius, Ridgill, William , Ridgway, William, Rose, Daniel , Sanders, William, Silliman, Alexander, Sims, William , Singleton, Elizabeth, Singleton, John , Spears, Charles , Taylor, John , Taylor, William , Terry, Alice , Thames, John Jr., Thompson, William, Tisdale, Jane , Tisdale, John , Tock, Mary , Tomlin, Hiram, Watson, William, Whitworth, Isaac, Wilder, Stephen , Williams, Mary , Williams, Roland John, Wills, Willis , Wilson, Richard, Woodham, Edward, Woodwards, JesseTranscripts of Sumter County Will Book D-1, 1823-18 Adams, Elizabeth, Anderson, Joseph, Anderson, Thomas, Ballard, Elizabeth , Barnes, James , Belser, Jacob , Belvin, Wilie , Benbow, Evan, Blackwell, Michael, Blither, William , Bowman, John , Bracey, Charlotte, Bradford, John A., Bradford, Richard , Brock, Charles P. , Cameron, John , Cantey, Mary , Cantey, Rebecca, Carter, William , Chewning, Ann , Commander, Joseph, Cook, Joseph B. , Connell, Thomas , Conyers, Stranghan, Cooper, George , Corbett, James , Corbett, Susannah, Cox, John , Cubbage, Philemon, Cubbage, Thomas P., Daniel, Edward , Davis, John , Evans, Frederick, Felder, James , Flemming, Elizabeth, Fort, Bunel , Franklin, Lawrence, Fullwood, William I., Gilley, Susanna , Green, Lewis , Harvin, Richard, Haynsworth, Henry, Haynsworth, Sarah , Heriot, John , Holland, Silvia, Humphrey, William, James, George F. , James, Holloway , James, William Dobein, Jennings, James , Johnston, James , Jones, John H. , Kinlock, C. , Laws, George, Lesesne, William, Lisk, Mary , Lowry, Samuel, Maples, Elizabeth, Maybant, William Sr., Mayrant, Charles , McCaskill, Daniel , McCoy, John , McDonald, William Nelson, McDonell, John , McFaddin, John , McFaddin, John , McFaddin, Theodore, McFaddin, Thomas , McIntosh, Peter , McKinney, Sarah, McLeod, Alexander, McLeod, Margaret , Mills, William , Moody, Solomon Sr., Moore, Matthew L. , Mulledy, Thomas , Murphey, Malachi, Murrell, William , Nelson, James , Nelson, Samuel James, Nettles, Jesse , Newman, Ethelial, Orr, Thomas , Pack, Joseph , Peebles, Jesse, Potts, William Sr., Rhame, Bradley , Rhame, Obadiah, Richardson, Dorcas, Richardson, James B., Roberson, Willis , Rutledge, Mary Golightly, Sanders, Sarah , Scurry, Jesse , Shaw, John , Simonton, Robert, Sims, Margaret , Singleton, John , Singleton, Rebecca, Singleton, Sherwood James, Skinner, Charles , Smith, Jannet , Smith, John Sr., Smith, William , Spann, James Sr., Spann, James , Stucky, Edmund, Tisdale, Francis , Tobias, Mary , Vaughn, Noel Sr., Ward, Benjamin , Waties, John , Waties, Thomas, Watson, Sarah , Wells, Thomas , Wheeler, Keziah, Whilden, William , White, Hannah , Wilder, William S., Wilson, Elizabeth , Wilson, Robert , Wilson, Roger , Windom, Benjamin, Witherspoon, John , Young, Henry , Young, Richard
Transcripts of Sumter County Will Book M, 1836-1840Testators: Anderson, Mary , Bell, Archy , Boykin, Drury, Boykin, Jonathan, Bradley, Martha , Brunson, Mary , Byrd, Rhodecy , Christmas, Lidia, Cousar, John , Dow, John , Freeman, Jesse, Frierson, John I., Gamble, Robert , Johnson, Elijah , Long, Reubin , McCoy, James, McIntosh, Joshua, McKnight, John , Michau, Noah , Nettles, Jesse , Pitts, Joseph M., Rees, Mary , Solomons, Mark, Spann, Anna , Sparrow, Eli , Stokes, Vine , Truluck, George, Vasser, Daniel , Wilson, James H., Witherspoon, Robert